Photo credit: Jason Houston
Small-scale fisheries provide a host of social and economic benefits to local communities. They contribute about half of the global catch; supplying food for local, national and global markets. They are responsible for about ninety percent of fishing employment. They provide income, contribute to food security and nutrition, alleviate poverty, and often support a way of life strongly anchored in local culture and community.
But small-scale and artisanal fisheries face many challenges today including depleted fish stocks; pollution; encroachment from development; climate change, and sea level rise. Many small-scale fishing communities are marginalized, with low levels of access to political power, education and other resources.
To combat these challenges, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) collaborated with governments, Civil Society Organizations and other stakeholders to develop a set of ‘Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication’ (SSF). Today at the biennial meeting of the FAO’s Committee on Fisheries in Rome, delegates adopted the SSF Guidelines by consensus. Read More
The Food and Agriculture Organization has some good news and some bad news for us about the world’s fisheries (State of the World Fisheries & Aquaculture Report). The good news is that global fisheries and aquaculture production increased over the last few years, and people are eating more fish – a healthy source of protein. The bad news is that ocean fish catches went down and the percentage of the world's assessed fish stocks that are overexploited or fully exploited went up to 87%. Aquaculture, the farming of fish, is increasing rapidly to meet growing consumer demand for seafood. While some aquaculture production operations have small environmental footprints, the sustainability of the industry overall is unknown. What does it mean for ocean productivity and the health of ocean ecosystems to remove 15 million tons of fish (19% of the total catch) every year and feed it to other fish?
The truly scary story behind the headlines is that these data only provide a glimpse of the whole picture, which is uncertain but troubling. The FAO's estimates of fishery status (e.g., the number of stocks that are fully exploited or overexploited) are based on studies of only a tiny fraction of the world's fisheries. These are the best managed fisheries in the world — thousands of other stocks are not assessed at all, and many have minimal or ineffective management systems in place. Moreover, a lot of these un-assessed and undermanaged fisheries are prosecuted in tropical coral reefs and other ecosystems that harbor a wealth of the ocean's biodiversity. Recent studies suggest coral reefs are especially sensitive to fishing, tipping from healthy to unhealthy conditions when too many fish are harvested. Read More
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) recently reported that fish consumption is at an all-time high globally, and “more people than ever are employed in or depend on the [fisheries and aquaculture] sector.” According to the FAO report, “The overall percentage of overexploited, depleted or recovering fish stocks in the world’s oceans has not dropped and is estimated to be slightly higher than in 2006.” This data demonstrates the continued need for innovative fishery management systems that ensure fishermen livelihoods all while ending overfishing and rebuilding fish stocks.
Posted in Uncategorized Also tagged Aquaculture, Catch Shares, Fisheries, Report