How can you tell when a politician in Washington isn't telling the truth? When they claim that the cost of capping carbon emissions and reducing foreign oil dependence will cost American families "$3,100."
It's become Talking Point Number One for opponents of action on climate change. Problem is, it's entirely made up — so don't get fooled. Ask where that number comes from.
The claim that carbon cap legislation proposed by Reps. Henry Waxman and Ed Markey will cost families "$3,100" was first made in a March press release from the National Republican Congressional Committee. The NRCC said its number was based an MIT analysis of cap and trade legislation.
Here's what John Reilly, the author of the MIT study, told Politifact about the NRCC's claim: "It's just wrong. It's wrong in so many ways it's hard to begin."
In two recent letters to House Republican Leader John Boehner, MIT's Reilly asked that the NRCC stop using the "misleading" figure, noting that MIT's estimates are less than one thirtieth of what the NRCC is claiming. "A correct estimate of that cost … for the average household just in 2015 is about $80 per family, or $65 if more appropriately stated in present value terms discounted at an annual 4% rate," he said.
Reilly also pointed out that the MIT study is an "old analysis that is not well calibrated to either current legislative proposals or US economic conditions." That's important because the legislation now under debate in the House is expected to take further steps to ease cost impacts on consumers.
So why do Rep. Mike Pence and other opponents of cap and trade keep saying it will cost thousands? Either they are ignoring every credible analysis, or they're very bad at math.
If they cite a study claiming astronomical costs, be sure to ask three key questions:
- Does the author of the study agree with the claims about their analysis?
- Does the analysis actually look at the current legislation under debate?
- What do the most recent, credible, and unbiased analyses say?
According to a new EPA analysis of the Waxman-Markey climate bill (the American Clean Energy and Security Act), an ambitious cap on carbon pollution can be met for as little as $98 per household per year over the life of the program – or about a dime a day per person.
In the early years the costs are even lower: Before 2012 it is zero — because the bill won't have taken effect. By 2015, the costs "skyrocket" to 2 cents per person. Anyone who claims that now is the wrong time to cap carbon is engaging in scare tactics.
EPA's analysis sets the gold standard by using two of the most credible, transparent, and peer-reviewed economic models available. It's not a crystal ball, but it shows clearly that household costs will be modest under a well-designed cap and trade bill.